Indigenous Australian Aboriginal and Koorie Culture

Schools - Koorie  Bushtucker Of The Eurobodalla

The Traditional Aboriginal People of Australia were nomadic, hunter gatherers.They had boundaries and nations within the vast continent.

Aboriginal boundaries.

Traditional boundaries can be related to those used by us today, for example: New South Wales; Koori, Goorie, Koorie, Coorie, Murri. Victoria; Koorie. South Australia; Nunga, Nyungar, Nyoongah. Western Australia; Nyungar,Nyoongar. Northern Territory;Yolngu (top end), Anangu (central). Queensland; Murri. Tasmania;Palawa, Koori.

They also have a system of Country.

Country names include Darug (Katoomba, Blue Mountains)  and Eora (Sydney). Before colonisation the Indigenous people of Australia identifed themselves by their nation or country. A female would say "I'm a Dharawal woman"  if she comes from Woolongong or "I'm a Gundungarra man" (from near Goulburn). Many Aboriginal people identify themselves as belonging to several nations for example as "Yuwaalaraay and Gamilaraay" either because they have lived in the two places and identify themselves with each, or they have parents or grandparents that came from different Aboriginal nations. Skin names of the south coast area and the Yuen Nation were effectively
lost because the displacement was so rapid, and before Europeans
recognised the importance of  skin-names.

So far over 200 different tribal areas and languages  have been identified.  Some language  regions are small, e.g. on the south coast, others cover huge areas such as the desert areas or the NSW Warragerie area  which extends over a huge section of western NSW reaching from the Northern tablelands to the north coast.

Welcome to Nation:

As the nomads of one tribe wished to travel through the territory of another, they would have to wait for the guard who sat on the boundary e.g. creek, and after assessing the traveller’s character by silent observation of up to several hours or even days, would  welcome the traveller to pass through their area.. effectively  “a welcome to our nation or tribe).

As Traditional Custodians they lived in harmony with the earth, in a natural rhythm and cycle, and had no need for money as did the colonisers. The colonisers disrupted this lifestyle, bringing many dramatic changes.

Further Reading