Legacy Of The Eureka Stockade

Events - Judgement In 1850's Australia

The Eureka Rebellion is the only example in Australian history of an armed rebellion that lead to the change of the existing laws.

Martial law was declared on 6th December, and 13 diggers committed for trial.  Peter Lalor the leader avoided capture,despite having an arm injury that later required amputation. The Editor of the Ballarat Times Henry Seekamp was found guilty of seditious libel and imprisoned, but all the other were acquited at trial in February 1855.

In 1854 a bill was passed giving franchise(the right to register to vote) to any digger who owned a miner's right. The miner's right or licence now cost one pound. After the royal commission it was recommended that the miners pay a tax on the gold they found instead of the monthly licence for the possibility of striking gold.Miners were given the right to own the land on which they worked. The Gold Commission was replaced with a system of mining wardens.

In 1855 Peter Lalor became the first Member of the Legislative Council (MLC) for the seat of Ballarat. The miners of Ballarat were given 8 representative on the Legislative Council.

Some historians  such as Clive Evatt, consider the Eureka Rebellion as the birthplace of Australian Democracy and Australian identity. The term "digger" and the associated principles of mateship was adopted in WW1 by the ANZAC soldiers.